Imam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani ( – ), who was one of the foremost students of Imam Abu Hanifah, and an undisputed authority in fiqh. Kitab Al Athar Alshibany By durchcomppumalchi.cf Of A Topics Kitab al-Ashar [Hadees-e-paak] PDF WITH TEXT download. The Kitab al-Athar, in the narration of Imam Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan ash- Shaybani, was the first book composed in Islam after the generation of the.
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The Kitab al-Athar of Imam Abu Hanifah in the narration of Imam Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan ash-Shaybani. The Kitab al-Athar was the first book composed in. Kitab al-Athar. I. Title isbn Page and cover design: Abdallateef Whiteman/cwdm durchcomppumalchi.cf Printed by: Megaprinters, Istanbul, Turkey. Islamic forum: [b]The Kitab al-Athar of Imam Abu Hanifa[/b] The Narration of Imam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan Ash Shaybani.
In addition to his method, Waqidi narrates events one by one with caution and generally informs about geographies, which events happened in. Additionally, if a verse was sent down based on the event, he mentions it with his interpretation. Then, he lists name of fighters, martyrs and dead people.
Moreover, he presents war poetries written by Muslims. Lastly, Waqidi clears some social matters in the rise of the Islam such an agriculture, eating-drinking habits, idols, funerals, supplying caravans and all other social orders.
A sample table of what Waqidi indicates: As a different comment about his effort, Marsden Jones moots that the main characteristic of Meghazi, which differs it from others, is having a matured editing in terms of History and knowledge.
He did that; therefore, he caused historians after him to follow this kind of a new method.
If this basis do not exist, historians who compiled some books about conquests and cities such as Ibn Sad and Belazuri could not build a structure As a detail, Sirah Rasul Allah of Ibn Ishaq has a great importance because of the fact that it was the earliest biography of the Prophet.
For instance, he was indicated as the first person who specialized in the field of meghazi by Ibn Sad. However, Waqidi has never transmit from Ibn Ishaq. Two reasons are indicated why he has not. Firstly, Wellhausen claims that it is because of the fact that he intended to ignore Ibn Ishaq due to the great similarity between books of both. According to both of reasons, he aimed to ignore Ibn Ishaq.
It is not examined in a detailed manner due to the fact that this debate exceeds the aim of this work. To conclude, Waqidi follows a scientific, methodological, logical and historical way while his most famous book, Kitab al-Maghazi Book of Campaigns. He transmitted from confidential transmitters, narrated each campaign in the same method, combined sources and do not bore a reader with long sources which sometimes have short reports.
They say: The first banner, which was given by the Prophet peace be upon him after he migrated to Medina, is the one gave to Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib. He sent him with thirty cavalries consisting two groups from Mahajirun and Ansar. They arrived to Sayf al-Bahr to waylay a caravan of Quraysh, which has gone from Sham to Mecca and consisted Abu Jahl and twenty-nine cavalries from people of Mecca.
They encountered and lined up for brawl. This very moment, Majdi ibn Amr, who was allied with both of two groups, between them.
Kitab Al-Athar of Imam Abu Hanifah - PDF eBooks Free Download
He negotiated with them by going from a group to other group until they leave, Hamza front to Medina with his group and Abu Jahl face to Mecca with his caravan and group. A crash between them has not existed. When Hamza turned back to the Prophet peace be upon him , told him what happened between them and Majdi and that he behaved them with equitability. Campaign of Ubaidah ibn al-Harith in Rabig Then, Ubaidah ibn al-Harith was imposed with a duty in Ramadan in eighth month to go to Rabig, which is short of Juhfah with ten miles when you face to Qudaydah.
He departed with fifty-nine cavalries. Abu Sufyan ibn Harb, who had two thousand men that day, arrived a water named as Ahya min Batn Rabig. Sad ibn Abi Waqqas became the first man who shot arrows for Islam. He bestrewed his quiver, got ahead of his group and they shieled for him.
He said: He shot arrows untill end without any overshooting. It is said that there were twenty arrows in his quiver and each arrows hit a man or an animal. The only shooting arrows in that day was this shooting. They also did not swords, did not line for brawl and did not more than this quarrel. As a clever and capable child, Waqidi spent fifty years in Medina when it was in its gold age in respect to knowledge.
Moreover, Abu Mashar as-Sindi taught him knowledge of Maghazi piece by piece1. He contacted with grandchildren of Companions and family of martyrs and wrote what learnt from them about memoirs and reports. It is extremely significant that he visited place of each events in order to see and reach more a truer and safer view. Therefore, he found the opportunity for separately writing where the events happened and geographical positions of these places.
It is known that he had two clerks who were writing reports reached by Waqidi2.
As a different feature, Waqidi had a lot of money while his life but he spent all of them quickly. Then, he immigrated to Baghdad and continued teaching and scientific activities3.
XLII, pp. In A. When he was on this task, he deceased 11 Dhu al-Hijjah and was buried Khayzuran Cemetery.
Characteristic of Kitab al-Maghazi The main characteristic of waqidi, which differentiates Waqidi from other Islamic historians of siyer and maghazi, is to follow a historical, scientific and technical method.
He organizes various details of events by using a logical, rational and unchanging method. This provides great ease for him and for readers. Firstly, thanks to his combining, he does not dismember the events by not putting sources after several 4 Fayda, p. Moreover, thanks to his combining, readers can see whole event at a single glance without difficulty and vapidity; hence, readers can read it with relish and pleasure.
Ahmed b. Hanbel is a famous and important scholar in the Hadith Literature for Muslims and criticises Waqidi because of his combining sources. This is what Muhaddiths seek in order to distinguish an exact transmission from a wrong transmission and also separate between an accepted transmitter and rejected transmitter.
Kitab Al-Athar of Imam Abu Hanifah - PDF eBooks Free Download
Hanbal criticises Waqidi because of his combining but it is not a defect, even Ibn Ishak and Zuhri used this method. Siyer and Meghazi scholars also care dependable and scientific sources but their method is different and they work to transmit all historical knowledge to next generations rather than leaving out less dependable sources.
In addition to structure of the book, he narrates each events in same wording, style and structure. When required, he also mentions names of the successions appointed by the Prophet when he was out of Madina. In addition to his method, Waqidi narrates events one by one with caution and generally informs about geographies, which events happened in. Additionally, if a verse was sent down based on the event, he mentions it with his interpretation.
Then, he lists name of fighters, martyrs and dead people. Moreover, he presents war poetries written by Muslims. It is of immense value. I thoroughly enjoyed reading this work and I will no doubt refer to it in the future too. The preface, introduction and appendices are commendable and add important information to the work.
If you have any interest in fiqh or the very first collections of hadith then I would recommend you download this book. View all 4 comments.
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Michael Gassner rated it really liked it Nov 03, My Seven Points. Witra Fs marked it as to-read Jun 08, It is mainly highly regarded as a Hanafi book. He was born in 80 AH in a family of Persian ancestry.
In A. Hammaad said, 'Once suffices if it is done fully.
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